Full Name: Lupine ELISA Kit
Sample Type: Food (Bakery, Sausage, Potato, Ketchup, Juices)
Sensitivity: 0.2 ppm
Lupine (lupin or lupinus) belongs to the genus of legume family which includes over 200 different species. The seed contains a high fraction of proteins (approx. 35-45%) and these proteins (mainly α, β and γ conglutin fractions) usually lead to allergic reactions because of their cross reactivity to allergens of peanut and soya. bean. Its leaves are similar to those of clover, and it bears showy flowers of varying colours. Lupine flowers are yellow, purple, white, or lavender. The leaves are similar to those of clover and are used as an edible leaf vegetable in many countries. The flowers may be yellow, purple, white, or lavenders.
Due to high cross-reactivity, the following assay is suitable for measuring all commonly used lupine species. During many food production processes there are three sweet lupine species which are often used; Lupinus angustifolius, Lupinus luteus and Lupinus albus.
Lupine ELISA kit is designed for analysing quantitative amounts of lupine (lupin and lupinus) in food (such as sausage, ketchup, potato products, juices and bakery products). This assay has a minimum analytical sensitivity limit of 0.2 ppm.
All reagents supplied need to be stored at 2 °C – 8 °C, unopened reagents will retain reactivity until expiration date. Do not use reagents beyond this date.
- Microtiter Plate: Coated with anti-lupin antibodies.
- Lupin Standards 1-5: Concentration 0, 2, 5, 15, 30 ppm.
- Conjugate (Anti-Lupin-Peroxidase).
- Substrate Solution (TMB).
- Stop Solution (0.5 M H2SO4).
- Extraction and sample dilution buffer (Tris)(10x).
- Washing Solution (PBS + Tween 20)(10x Concentrate).
- Instruction Manual.
The minimum detection sensitivity level of lupin and lupinus derivatives current lupine ELISA kit was 0.2 ppm. The standard range for this assay is 2.0 – 30.0 ppm.
– Sensitivity: Limit of detection, LOD (0.02ppm), Limit of quantification, LOQ (2.0ppm)
– Intra-Assay Precision: 6 – 9%
– Inter-Assay Precision: 5 – 9%
– Linearity: 78 – 126%
– Cross Reactivity: Soy flour (unroasted)(0.07%), Soy lecithin (0.002%), Soy flour (roasted) (0.0009%), Lentil (0.0004%), Chickpea (0.0003%), Hazelnut (0.0002%). No cross reaction was detected for the following: Milk, Sunflower seeds, Cocoa, Egg, Pumpkin seeds, Potato, Wheat, Cashew, Leek, Rye, Peanut, Pea, Oats, Guar gum, Bean, Barley, Almond, Tomato, Rice, Pecan, Peach, Corn, Coconut, Cherry, Buckwheat, Brazil nut, Orange, Sesame, Walnut, Strawberry, Pork, Pistachio, Plum, Beef, Macadamia nut, Locust bean gum, Chicken, Chestnut.
– Recovery: Bread (113%), Croquette (111%), Orange juice (104%), Sausage (99%), Ketchup (98%).
- Quantitative sandwich ELISA for the determination of lupine (Lupinus spp.) in foods. J Agric Food Chem. (2005) 53 (15): 5866-71. Holden L., et al.
- Characterization of IgE binding to lupin, peanut and almond with sera from lupin-allergic patients. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. (2008) 146 (4): 267-76. Holden L., et al.
- Novel polyclonal-monoclonal-based ELISA utilized to examine lupine (Lupinus species) content in food products. J Agric Food Chem. (2007) 55 (7): 2536-42. Holden L., et al.
- Lupine-induced anaphylaxis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. (1999) 83 (5): 406-8. Matheu V., et al.
- Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of lupine-residues in foods. J Food Sci. (2008) 73 (8): T135-40. Kaw C.H., et al.
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