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Interferon-Gamma (IFN-Gamma) ELISA Kit

  • Created on the 13 February, 2017.

BACKGROUND

Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma or IFN-γ) which is also called Type II interferon is an inflammatory cytokine that is a homodimeric glycoprotein which contains approx. 21-24 kD subunits. IFN-gamma has been implicated for the development of fibrosis into inflamed tissues, where its production in under a genetic control that is responsible for influencing the development of fibrosis in lung allografts.

Natural killer (NK) cells and CD8 cytotoxic T cells are also able to produce IFN-γ which is essential in controlling microbial pathogens. This supports the argument that IFN-gamma plays a crucial role in host defence against many infections, where IFN-γ is able to activate both human macrophage oxidative metabolism as well as antimicrobial activity. There is also evidence that it possess antiviral activity during its immune-regulatory functions and control of neointima proliferation. The role of IFN-gamma as a disease marker has been investigated in many different pathological situations which include: infections, transplant rejection, autoimmune diseases, allergy and diabetes.

INTENDED USE

Human IFN-gamma ELISA kit is a reliable quantitative procedure for measuring interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, IFN-γ) in human serum, plasma and cell culture supernatant. This assay has a minimum sensitivity detection limit of 0.99 pg/ml.

SENSITIVITY

The minimum sensitivity detection limit of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, IFN-γ) using this human IFN-gamma ELISA kit was approximately 0.99 pg/ml. The dynamic assay range for this kit is 1.6 – 100 pg/ml.

REFERENCES

  1. Interferon-gamma: a historical perspective. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. (2009) 20 (2): 97-113. Review. Billiau A. and Matthys P.
  2. Identification of interferon-gamma as the lymphokine that activates human macrophage oxidative metabolism and antimicrobial activity. J. Exp. Med. (1983) 158: 670-689. Nathan C.F., et al.
  3. Clinical implications of interferon-γ genetic and epigenetic variants. Immunology. (2014) 143 (4): 499-511. Review. Smith N.L. and Denning D.W.
  4. Impact of interferon-γ on hematopoiesis. Blood. (2014) 24 (16): 2479-86. Review. de Bruin A.M., et al.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

  • Full Name: Interferon-Gamma (IFN-Gamma) ELISA Kit
  • Reactivity: Human
  • Sample Type: Serum, Plasma, Cell Culture Supernatant
  • Sensitivity: 0.99 pg/ml

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