- Created on the 12 June, 2017.
Diabetes-related autoantibodies are found to be linked to type 1 diabetes and this is a condition which is characterised by limited or in some cases fully missing secretion of insulin. Many morphological investigations have demonstrated that this process reflects the destruction of beta cells, leading to the loss of beta cell function and thereby causing inadequate production of insulin. This is a feature of type 1 diabetes but it is thought not to be the cause of it. The detection of anti-insulin autoantibodies may not be possible until after several months or in some rare cases many years following the onset of a full clinical manifestation of the diseases. These autoantibodies are causing insulin depot formation which is able to simulate a resistance against any animal insulin hormonal treatment. IgG antibodies are the most common while IgE antibodies have been found to result in causing insulin allergy, at high titers, IgG antibodies are able to limit insulin action that may diminish or delay action of insulin. The development of antibodies is largely dependent of the molecular structure, purity and storage conditions of the insulin administered as well as patient factors (such as age, HLA type, delivery route). Four common diabetes-related autoantibody tests include: Insulin Autoantibodies (IAA), Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Autoantibodies (GADA), Insulinoma-Associated-2 Autoantibodies (IA-2A) and Islet Cell Cytoplasmic Autoantibodies (ICA).
Human insulin ELISA kit is a protocol for analysing in-vitro quantitative levels of IgG antibodies to insulin in human serum and plasma. This assay has a minimum analytical sensitivity limit of 0.5 U/ml.
Mixture of highly purified preparations of porcine, bovine and recombinant human insulin are bound to the microwells.
The minimum detection sensitivity level of human insulin IgG antibodies using this human insulin ELISA kit was 0.5 U/ml. The dynamic assay range for this kit is 6.3 – 100.0 U/ml.
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- Full Name: Insulin Ab ELISA Kit
- Reactivity: Human
- Sample Type: Serum, Plasma
- Sensitivity: 0.5 U/ml