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Histone Ab ELISA Kit

  • Created on the 12 June, 2017.

BACKGROUND

Histones autoantibodies are highly conserved in many species and are the major basic protein that is found in chromatin. There are essentially 5 different classes of histone (H1, H2, H2b, H3 and H4), ranging in molecular weight from 11-23 kD and all containing the arginine and lysine basic amino acids. Histone autoantibodies are a type of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) which are known to be associated to many different autoimmune diseases such as lupus. The presence or even an absence of a particular antinuclear antibodies can be a useful aid in determining a specific disorder. There is evidence that drugs can be used to stimulate the production of histone antibodies but there is also a possibility that this can lead to a type of lupus (drug-induced lupus erythematosus). Many drugs have been associated with drug-induced lupus in some people such as hydralazine, penicillamine, isoniazid, quinidine, procainamide and minocycline. However, majority of anti-histone antibodies in drug induced lupus erythematosus are of temporary character and tend to disappear within a few months after treatment.

INTENDED USE

Human histone ELISA kit is a method for measuring in-vitro quantitative amounts of IgG autoantibodies to histone in human serum or plasma. This assay has a minimum analytical sensitivity limit of 1.0 U/ml.

SENSITIVITY

The minimum detection sensitivity level of human histone IgG autoantibodies using this human histone ELISA kit was 1.0 U/ml. The dynamic assay range for this kit is 12.5 – 200.0 U/ml.

REFERENCES

  1. The complex role of DNA, histones and HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of SLE. Autoimmunity. (2014) 47 (8): 487-93. Review. Pisetsky D.S.
  2. Autoantibodies to nucleosomes and histone-DNA complexes. Methods. (1997) 11 (1): 36-43. Monestier M.
  3. The spectrum of anti-chromatin/nucleosome autoantibodies: independent and interdependent biomarkers of disease. J Immunol Res. (2014) 2014: 368274. Review. Mehra S. and Fritzler M.J.
  4. Antibodies to histones in systemic lupus erythematosus and drug-induced lupus syndromes. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. (1992) 18 (2): 415-36. Review. Monestier M. and Kotzin B.L.
  5. Autoantibodies to nuclear antigens (ANA): their immunobiology and medicine. Adv Immunol. (1982) 33: 167-240. Review. Tan E.M.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

  • Full Name: Histone Ab ELISA Kit
  • Reactivity: Human
  • Sample Type: Serum, Plasma
  • Sensitivity: 1.0 U/ml

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